Friday, February 11, 2011

Punca kecacatan bayi

Semoga kita dijauhkan Allah dari kecacatan ini
 PUNCA CACAT BAYI



Cegah Kecacatan bayi !


Makan ubat folik asid 5-10 mg. Setiap hari dua bulan sebelum dan terus- menerus hingga akhir kandungan.

Tentukan yang anda sudah mendapat pelalian terhadap Rubella.

Jangan cuba gugurkan kandungan dengan apa cara pun.

Jika gagal bayi boleh cacat. Jangan makan ubat-ubat seperti tranquilizer, ubat kanser tanpa nasihat doktor. Jika ada sejarah kecacatan dalam kekuarga, dapatkan khidmat ‘ genetic counselling’. Jauhkan hamil jika umur melebihi 45 tahun.

Berserah dan tawakkal kepada Allah s.w.t. Berdoalah setiap masa untuk mendapat zuriat yang cemerlang: ‘Rabbi habli miladunka zuriatan tayiba, inaka sami u doa’. ‘Ya Allah kurniakanlah kami zuriat yang terbaik, sesungguhnya Kau mendengar doa kami’.Lakukan suruhan Allah tanpa lalai, banyakkan membaca Quran, berzikir dan bertasbih sentiasa. Bacakan surah Fatihah, 3 'Qul', dan ayat 'Qursi' kepada bayi dalam kandungan setiap malam sebelum tidur.Mengikut orang tua-tua ketika isteri hamil, suami janganlah memburu, menganiyai atau membunuh binatang. Kononnya amalan ini boleh menyebabkan anak yang dikandung isteri akan lahir cacat.Tidak perlu jalani ujian-ujian untuk mengesan janin cacat, kerana jika benar demikian , undang-ujian negara dan hukum islam tidak membenarkan menggugurkan kandungan walaupun janin cacat.

Congenital Abnormalities





The cause of 40-60% of congenital anomalies in humans is unknown. These are referred to as sporadic, a term that implies an unknown cause, random occurrence regardless of maternal living conditions,[4] and a low recurrence risk for future children. For 20-25% of anomalies there seems to be a "multifactorial" cause, meaning a complex interaction of multiple minor genetic anomalies with environmental risk factors. Another 10-13% of anomalies have a purely environmental cause (e.g. infections, illness, or drug abuse in the mother). Only 12-25% of anomalies have a purely genetic cause. Of these, the majority are chromosomal anomalies.[5]
Genetic causes of congenital anomalies include inheritance of abnormal genes from the parents, as well as new mutations in one of the germ cells that gave rise to the fetus.
Environmental causes of congenital anomalies are referred to as teratogenic. These are generally problems with the mother's environment. Teratogens can include dietary deficiencies, toxins, or infections. For example, dietary deficiency of maternal folic acid is associated with spina bifida. Ingestion of harmful substances by the mother (e.g., alcohol, mercury, or prescription drugs such as phenytoin) can cause recognizable combinations of birth defects.
Several infections which a mother can contract during pregnancy can also be teratogenic. These are referred to as the TORCH infections.

[edit] Teratogens

The greatest risk of a malformation due to environmental exposure to a teratogen (terato = monster, gen = producing) between the third and eighth week of gestation. Before this time, any damage to the embryo is likely to result in fatality, and the baby will not be born. After eight weeks, the fetus and its organs are more developed and less sensitive to teratogenic incidents.
The type of congenital anomaly is also related to the time of exposure to a teratogen. For instance, the heart is susceptible from three to eight weeks, but the ear is susceptible from a slightly later time to about twelve weeks.
Many common skin care ingredients can be absorbed through the skin in small amounts, where they can enter the bloodstream and pass into the fetus's circulation.[citation needed]
Infection in the mother early in the third week may cause fetal cardiac damage. An infection in the eleventh week is less likely to damage the heart, but the baby may be born deaf. A common cause of congenital deafness of children in particular is a measles infection in the mother.





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